2007-11-15 / Front Page

Pioneer Day will be bigger than ever

"Pioneer Day" will be held Saturday, November 17, from 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. at the Lincoln County Historical Park. The event is sponsored annually by the Lincoln County Historical Society and features livinghistory demonstrations, great food, and much more. Pictured standing in front of the park's newest acquisition, the F.M. Hogan General Store, are: (front row, l-r) Jamie Reese, Lindy Byrd, Jerry Phillips, Gloria Brooks, (back row) Lounette Reese, Buddy Marlow, Nobie Dean Hawes, Buddy Hawes, and Nelson Brooks. "Pioneer Day" will be held Saturday, November 17, from 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. at the Lincoln County Historical Park. The event is sponsored annually by the Lincoln County Historical Society and features livinghistory demonstrations, great food, and much more. Pictured standing in front of the park's newest acquisition, the F.M. Hogan General Store, are: (front row, l-r) Jamie Reese, Lindy Byrd, Jerry Phillips, Gloria Brooks, (back row) Lounette Reese, Buddy Marlow, Nobie Dean Hawes, Buddy Hawes, and Nelson Brooks. "Pioneer Day" will take place Saturday, November 17, from 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. at the Lincoln County Historical Park, located on Lumber Street.

Sponsored annually by the Lincoln County Historical Society, the event serves to bring local history to life for children, adults, and those in between.

The newest addition to the day's long list of attractions is the F.M. Hogan General Store, which was moved from the Woodlawn Community, where it sat for the past 100 years, to the park this past September.

The store was donated to the historical society by Elizabeth Walton Mize, Frankie Walton Barton, and Robert Ellis Walton, grandchildren of F.M. Hogan.

According to Nelson Brooks, historical society president, "We selected Hogan's Store, with its 'Woodlawn' marquee, to represent all the country stores in the county that served to meet a vital need in their day (circa 1800 to 1950). We looked at other stores, but Hogan's Store was in the best shape structurally. Also, it had not been converted into a residence like so many of the others - it was still a store."

In its heyday, the store carried flour, fresh eggs, cheese, potatoes at two cents a pound, candy, Nehi drinks, cotton fabrics, overalls, dresses, shoes, socks, cigarettes, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, cigars, snuff, hand-chipped blocks of ice, gasoline, kerosene, coal, and oil.

"The store was the hub of activity in the small communities of Woodlawn and Amity," stated Brooks. "The store had a pot-bellied, wood-burning stove in the back where men came to play checkers and card games and catch up on the local news.

"Eventually, the post office and postmaster Don Steed moved from the thriving metropolis of Leathersville to Hogan's Store. In many ways, the store served as a link between that part of Lincoln County and the outside world."

Although renovations are far from complete, the store will nevertheless be open for business on Pioneer Day. Storekeepers Nina Albea and Carol Reese will be selling canned preserves and jellies; homemade candy and cookies, made by the best cooks in Lincoln County; tote bags; Bible covers; baby items; fresh sugar cane syrup; honey; freshly-ground cornmeal; kindling; and "yard sale" items.

Anyone wishing to make a donation to help with the restoration of the historic landmark is heartily encouraged to do so. For example, a donation of $50 will provide stone for one of the store's cinder block footings; a donation of $100 will sponsor a metal sign; and a $500 donation will replace one of the store's display cases.

Other attractions at the park include:

..Salem Academy - Salem Academy, a one-room schoolhouse dating back to the early 1900s, was relocated to the historical park from Salem Baptist Church in July of 2006. Also making the trip was a "fourholer" outhouse.

The school is furnished with antique desks, old primers, and a potbellied stove.

Although there is some dispute as to whether the school was built in late 1902 or 1910, it is still a rich part of Lincoln County's heritage.

.. Bunch-Poss Gristmill - Built in the late 1920s, the mill was moved from its home on Ward Avenue to the historical park in the summer of 2005, and since then, has undergone extensive renovations. Donated by Jackie and Alex Willingham, the gristmill was in operation until the late 1970s.

.. Hogan Blacksmith Shop - This building contains two forges, one run with bellows and the other with a hand-turned blower. It is a replica of the old blacksmith shop on the "Hollenshead Place" on the Augusta Highway.

.. Pine Log Cabin - Built around 1800, the 16' x 22' structure boasts two porches, wooden-shutter windows, an open-face fireplace, and a variety of period furnishings. Although the builder of the cabin is unknown, records show that it was once the home of Andrew Jackson Reid, who fought for the South in the Civil War. The cabin was donated to the historical society by Dr. Robert Williams.

.. Corncrib - This 8' x 10' log structure came from the "Old Frank Hardy Place" on the Augusta Highway. In days gone by, workmen used pitchforks to dig the unshucked corn out of the crib. Two sides of the building have been converted into a concession stand.

.. Groves-May House - Built in the 1870s and appointed with period furnishings, the two-story house serves as

the focal point of the park. Quilts will be on display here during Pioneer Day.

.. Estes, Lake, & Ferguson Smokehouse - The smokehouse was one of the first buildings acquired by the society. Built around 1790, it was previously located on the "Estes Place" on Lovelace Road.

.. Doctor's Office - Built by Dr. E.R. May, the office houses medical equipment donated to the historical society by Dr. Weems Pennington, Sr., who passed away earlier this year; his wife, Margaret; and others.

.. Cotton Gin - It is believed that this animal-powered cotton gin dates back to the 1830s or 40s and was manufactured in Clinton, Georgia (Jones County). Apparently, there are very few gins of this type in the United States. This special antique was a gift from L.E. Reese.

.. Two-Horse Wagon - This wagon originally belonged to the late J.C. Hollenshead. In fact, there are still two chairs in the wagon; one of these was occupied by Mr. Hollenshead's son, Wright Hollenshead, as he road around town. Croaker sacks continue to hang on the sides of the wagon.

.. Sawmill - The historical society bought the portable sawmill (circa 1950) in Royston, Georgia, approximately 10 years ago and brought it back to Lincoln County where it had previously been owned by Frank Glaze. The sawmill is still used for various projects around the park.

.. Lewis Family Pavilion - This 60' x 60' multi-purpose structure features a stage, restrooms, storage rooms, a sound system, and slatted wooden pews purchased from the Union Grove Campground in White County, Georgia. The building was officially named after "America's First Family of Bluegrass Gospel Music" at a special ceremony held at the park in May of 2003.

While viewing the various historical buildings as well as antique tractors, cars, and engines on display at the park, visitors may also enjoy talking with historical society members, who will be on hand in pioneer dress, to answer questions about life in the olden days.

"We invite everyone to come to the historical park for Pioneer Day," said the historical society president. "Basically, it is a hands-on, museum-quality experience for the entire family. What Lincoln County has in the historical park is a 'baby Williamsburg.'"

The event will likewise feature:

.. Day-long entertainment, spotlighting some of the CSRA's best singers, dancers, and instrumentalists.

.. Lectures concerning matters of historical interest in the Salem Academy schoolhouse.

.. Fresh apple cider, pressed by Murray and Mickey Norman. Free samples will be given to one and all.

.. Free cotton candy, spun by Jerry and Frankie Phillips, for children of all ages.

.. Washing clothes the old-fashioned way, demonstrated by Jane McWhorter.

.. Soap making - Anneice Butler.

.. Corn grinding at the grist mill - Wayne Beggs.

.. Cotton ginning - Wyatt Albea and Larry Pinson.

.. Blacksmithing - Mark Davis.

.. Sawmill operations - Jerry Stone.

.. Artifact appraisal by Geoffrey R. Hughes of the Savannah River Archaeological Research Program and the South Carolina Institute of Anthropology and Archaeology.

.. Buggy rides and hay rides.

.. A costume contest for all attendees, complete with prizes in a variety of categories. In addition, each visitor dressed in a Civil War uniform will receive a bag of stoneground grits. For more details on the costume contest, contact Shirley Dawkins at the Lincoln County Library.

.. The United States Army Corps of Engineers will sponsor a booth showcasing the wildlife that was abundant when the settlers first came to the Lincoln County area. This is a hands-on activity kids will love.

.. Members of Double Branches Baptist Church will be on the premises selling Christmas bows, decorations, and gifts as well as jewelry.

And when stomachs start growling, would-be pioneers may eat their fill of apple fritters, a historical society specialty; Ben Ross' ham and sausage biscuits from the smokehouse; red beans and rice; turnip greens; fried corn bread patties; boiled peanuts; hamburgers; and hot dogs.

Moreover, as is the custom, a miniature "Tree of Remembrance" will be placed in the park on Pioneer Day. Anyone desiring to put a memorial or honorary light on the tree for a loved one may donate $1 and submit the name to the historical society for this purpose. The real Tree of Remembrance will be located in downtown Lincolnton.

Local residents and guests are encouraged to visit the historical park on Pioneer Day to get a sense of the county's past, long before the days of i phones, hybrid cars, and Dipping Dots. It promises to be a fun and educational event for the whole family.

There is no admission charge.

In other items of information, event planners indicated that parking will not be allowed behind the Groves-May House this year. Instead, visitors are encouraged to park in the lot at Lincolnton Baptist Church. A shuttle will be provided.

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